Red X® problem solving is a skill that needs to be learned and developed. As with any skill, students must pass through four phases of competence before they are fully developed. We all start out Unconsciously Incompetent: we don’t know what we don’t know. When we become exposed to a new skill, we suddenly become Consciously Incompetent: we realize that there is a potentially useful skill that we can’t perform. If we decide to invest the time and effort in learning the skill, we can eventually become Consciously Competent: if we are focused, we will perform the skill properly. With further practice, we eventually become Unconsciously Competent: the skill has become a habit, performing it properly is now second nature.